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Minimally Invasive Pain Institute

Surgical Procedures

Facet Fusion Surgery

The facet joint (zygopophysial joint) is a synovial (fluid) joint that is created between two vertebra in the spine. This joint allows for the different levels of the spine to move. Facet fusion surgery fuses these bony segments of the vertebra to treat certain spinal conditions such as disc degeneration, spinal stenosis, spondylolisthesis (a condition where the vertebra are displaced improperly), scoliosis, compression fracture, back pain, etc. There are a few different surgical techniques and types of materials used for the fusions. Surgeons can fuse the spinal vertebra from the front of your body (anterior) or from the back (posterior). Surgeons can use metal rods and screws to fuse the vertebra (bones) together. This is considered major surgery and there are risks that should be discussed during the patient’s consult with surgeon. A consult is necessary to assess whether one is a proper candidate for facet fusion.