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Minimally Invasive Pain Institute

Types of Pain and Problems

CAD/Refractory Angina/Cardiac Pain

Refractory angina is a debilitating type of angina (chest pain) which does not respond to medication. Angina (chest pain) is the result of plaques in arteries which slow the blood flow and oxygen (which is transported via the blood) leaving the heart muscle deprived of oxygen-rich blood. Patients who suffer from angina describe their symptoms as including tightness or pressure in the chest area accompanied with severe pain. Patients who suffer from angina may also experience pain in the neck, jaw, back, shoulder, and arms. Patients who suffer from this type of angina may experience limited physical activity due to extreme pain. Refractory angina sufferers do not usually require live saving procedures, but rather may benefit from interventional pain management techniques.